L’HABITAT MEDIEVAL DE PERNIK : REFLEXIONS SUR SA DEMOGRAPHIE (IXe-XIIe SIECLES)
Centre d’études slavo-byzantines « Prof. Ivan Dujčev » (Université de Sofia « St. Kliment Ohridski »)
Abstract: The text attempts to give an idea about the demography of the medieval site situated on the hill Grado in the present day town of Pernik. The demographic dimension is introduced not as an impossible numerical data, but by crossing indirect indices, provided primary by archaeology. We are concerned with all the elements that enable to highlight the structure of the population, both in its quantitative (number and density) and qualitative (ethnic and social composition) characteristics in order to identify the features that allow to qualify the site as a town, as well as the changes and constants in its status. The exegesis of different kinds of materials permits to conclude that between the ninth and the end of the twelfth century the structure of the population evolved in a constant and progressive way (increased in number, density, social and ethnical diversity). This demographic growth was proportional to the diversification of the functions of the site and sanctioned its typological transformation from village to town.
Keywords: Middle Ages, Demography, Bulgaria, Pernik, Archaeology